Analyzing an Ethical Choice

Thus far in TOK, we have analyzed the following Ways of Knowing: 

  • Perception

  • Emotion

  • Reason

  • Language

Your task, is to identify an Ethical Choice...this could be something real from your life like “not cheating on a test” or it could be something that is real in the world however something that you do not have immediate experience with such as voting against a war if you were a senator…and then analyze how you came to that choice. You must integrate the 4 ways of knowing into a CONCEPT MAP illustrating your analytical process. 

You can create this map digitally or visually.


  • Integrate at least the 4 Ways of Knowing we’ve discussed thus far
  • Concept map form
  • Map needs to sufficiently indicate to the reader how you came to your conclusion (I cheated or I didn’t cheat)

The whole point of this exercise is to answer the Driving Question:

To what extent does one utilize the ways of knowing when coming to an ethical decision? 

The answer to this question leads to other great follow ups like:

  • Should we be more present in our decision making?
  • How to become more present?
  • Do some ways of knowing influence us more than others when coming to an ethical conclusion?


PTSD Understood: A multi-media journey

PTSD is the anxiety disorder that we investigate and study to satisfy the “anxiety disorder” component of the IB psychology learning outcomes.

Your Task:  You must go online to discover 1 article as well as 1 youtube video that elucidates the symptoms of PTSD but in a way that gives you true insight into the disorder. I do not want you to go to wikipedia and cite a list. I want you to read personal accounts, exposes by large news magazines (Time, Rolling Stone, NY TIMES, etc). I want you to develop EMPATHY via your reading and watching. 

After you have completed the above, comment on this blog post with the following commentary: 

“This article was valuable to my comprehension of PTSD as an anxiety disorder because….”  as well as “This video was valuable to my comprehension of PTSD as an anxiety disorder because….” 

Additionally, provide the links to both the article and the video in your comment. If for some reason you’re not allowed to comment on this post, address the aforementioned in a word document!!

Guerrilla Meme Campaign!!


One of the learning outcomes from the language unit of study in TOK is understanding and appreciating the power of language to persuade, inform and induce emotion.

Memes are a part of our culture now. They can inform on profound ideas such as the subversive guerrilla meme campaign started by (example above) designed to “kick over” the neo classical economic paradigms so pervasive in academia and thus macro governmental policy, or–they can describe various “faces” made:


The point is that memes are effective for information transmission due to the fact they’re based on two very important concepts in TOK:

  1. Shared Knowledge used to construct meaning vs. Personal Knowledge

  2. Emotion as a Way of Knowing

The first element above is the key to memes. Due to the minimalist nature of memes, they’re only informative/funny/profound/sad/interesting/effective if the perceiving audience has similar shared experiences and shared knowledge. The perceiver of the meme than constructs meaning from the meme utilizing their shared knowledge that is similar to the creator’s.  However the perception of the meme doesn’t stop there! Oh no…the perceiver also brings their own personal knowledge to bear on the meme and thus adds meaning.

The second element above, is the focus of our next unit of study–Emotion.  All human interaction and perception is mitigated through emotion. Thus, we’ll examine what role emotion plays in knowledge construction while perceiving memes.


Is to identify an issue worthy of our creative and intellectual efforts!  We’re going to engage in our own “subversive guerrilla meme war” on some topic worthy of our attack!  

We’ll then create our own MEMES and hang them around the school for other students to construct knowledge and have an emotional experience! 


**Footnote required by The Man:

This intentionally thought provoking and subversive meme campaign is conducted by Mr. K’s TOK class.  This assignment illuminates the profundity of speech, both written and visual, as well as illustrates the phenomenon of shared knowledge and the role both play in knowledge construction.