The Evolution Of Evil


The Evolution of Evil:  Evolutionary biologists, especially those Darwinian in nature, believe that modern human behavior must have evolutionary origins. It would follow then, that our less desirable–EVIL–traits too have an evolutionary root. However why would these traits remain in our species if they were not beneficial?

That begs the question: Is evil advantageous?

Which leads to another question….are humans innately selfish?  Read the following piece on whether or not true altruism is possible:

Debates in TOK!!


Our Topics for Debate this Year are as follows:

  1. Artificial intelligence will bring the end to humanity

  2. Unregulated genetic engineering such as gene manipulation and cloning should be allowed

  3. An animal life is less valuable than a human one.

  4. Political Correctness only serves to coddle and weaken the mind

  5. Capitalism is inherently immoral

  6. We cannot be certain of anything

  7. Preserving culture is more important than progress


  • A flip of a coin will determine who goes first.
  • Each student will have a one minute ‘introduction’ to their topic and their ‘beliefs’.
  • The debate will last at most 12 minutes
  • At the end of the debate, each student will conduct a 30 second closing statement.
  • Students must be respectful and mature.

Your grade (Maximum 20 points minimum 0) will be based on the following:

  • Composure (maturity)
  • Facts and examples (evidence and persuasive argumentation)
  • Listening skills (respectful)
  • Rebuttals (on point? Or off topic?)
  • Organization and clarity

Ethical Debate with resources

A Research Crisis in Psychology?!


There has been A LOT of press recently (as well as nerdy argumentation) regarding the extent to which psychological science is suffering from terrible research.

Why is this a problem? Because Psychology claims to be a science and bases it’s claims, theories and postulates on the “scientific method” however the scientific method necessitates accuracy, honesty, and replication.  Three elements that the most recent report in the Journal SCIENCE ( have noted are too frequently missing. Thus, where does that leave psychology?

Read the summary by VOX Below:

And consider the following: 

*Can we trust any piece of research? 

*What makes research valid? Is there such a thing as “more valid” and “less valid” research? 

*What does the word “power” mean when applied to psychological research? 

Below is further coverage of the issue (specific to the concept of ego depletion) from