Art

Various artistic movements over the years..the key question is what constitutes art? And who decides?

What is the value of art?!

Since the beginning of human civilization there has always been art. What is it about an “aesthetic experience” that is such a crucial element of the human condition?

Philosophy of Art:

There have been many philosophers who have attempted to answer the above question and many more related ones.  Notably Plato, Kant, Nietsche, James, and Hegel. However today you’ll look into two other famous philosophers and their work on the subject of Art: Arthur Schopenhaur and John Dewey.

Schopenhaur:

Schopenhaur was a German philosopher writing in the 19th century. Click on the link below and read the quick bio of Schopenhaur and then navigate to article 5.1 “Aesthetic Perception as a mode of transcendence” Read it:

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/schopenhauer/#5.1

Dewey:

Dewey was an American Philosopher writing in the 20th century. Click on the link below and read the quick bio of Dewey and then navigate to article 2.1 2 titled, “The Challenge to Philosophy”  Read that as well as article 2.13 “Criticism and Perception”:

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/dewey-aesthetics/#CriPer

Below is chapter from Dewey’s famous work, “Art as Experience” Read it and be smart:

Dewey’s “Art as Experience”

Dewey Vs. Schopenhauer: An Analysis of Aesthetic Philosophy

Half of you will read the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on Schopenhauer. The other half will read the entry on Dewey.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ZiQ8whwmAJIUz_LpxrWbqD_xOJggUayOsVd2veWHBbk/edit?usp=sharing

Both will answer the following questions:

  1. How does your thinker define an aesthetic experience?
  2. How would your thinker rate the above art?
  3. Summarize your thinker’s definition of “quality art”
  4. How would your thinker feel about “modern” art

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