Memory

Memory will be the main cognitive phenomena that will focus our examination of cognition. 

It’s important to understand there are two established Models of Memory: the Multi Store Model of memory and the Working Memory Model. Explanations of these models can be found in your text and numerous places online, as well as on the pdf linked below: 

Models of Memory Explained


A crucially important concept to understand in regard to memory and cognitive psych is SCHEMA THEORY

This online keynote will walk us through Schema Theory

https://mechanism.ucsd.edu/teaching/philpsych.w03/memory4class.pdf

The research outlined below is crucial to understanding Schema Theory and would serve as excellent triangulation with Bartlett’s work:

http://psiexp.ss.uci.edu/research/papers/Bookchapterv14.pdf

We’ll re-create Bartlet’s study in class as well as look at much of the work by Susan Loftus and also check out a LOFTUS inspired prank initiated by Slate.com:

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/the_memory_doctor/2010/05/the_ministry_of_truth.html

Firstly though, here’s a primer on sensory memory, stage one of any memory process model:

http://sccpsy101.com/home/chapter-5/section-7/


A literary take on Memory: the AMAZING James Salter from his work A Sport and a Pastime:

“Certain things I remember exactly as they were.  They are merely discolored a bit by time, like coins in the pocket of a forgotten suit.  Most of the details, though, have long since been transformed or rearranged to bring others of them forward.  Some, in fact, are obviously counterfeit; they are no less important.  One alters the past to form the future.  But there is a real significance to the pattern which finally appears, which resists all further change.  In fact, there is the danger that if I continue to try, the whole concert of events will begin to fall apart in my hands like old newspaper, I can’t bear to think of that.  The myriad past, it enters us and disappears.  Except that within it, somewhere, like diamonds, exist the fragments that refuse to be consumed.  Sifting through, if one dares, and collecting them, one discovers the true design.”

— James Salter, A Sport and a Pastime, p.59


 

The most important memory researcher you must know is Susan Loftus. Below are links to some of her research:

Lost in a Mall:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lost_in_the_mall_technique

Language’s effect on memory reconstruction: 

http://www.simplypsychology.org/loftus-palmer.html

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022537174800113


Applying academic Knowledge of Memory Formation to the real world:

ognitive_memoryApplicationScenarios

Memory Review Activity:  types-of-memories