Treatment, especially in regard to depression and PTSD, is like hitting a moving target. Due to the Bio/Cog/Social etiological origins and the complexity of our brains, no two depression/PTSD patients are exactly alike. Thus, treating them necessitates a great deal of nuance and diversity.
Psychologists are learning to appreciate this fact, as well as the fact that our bodies and minds are more interrelated than we’ve previously understood.
The result has been a boom in the “eclectic” approach to treatment as well as the explosion of “alternative” treatments such as: exercise, yoga, midfulness, meditation, role playing, sleep therapy, and psychedelic drugs such as LSD and Ketamine. These treatments are in their early stages but are supported by published research, however they are supported by some research by institutions as famous as Stanford and the National Institute of Health!
The learning outcomes in regard to IB psychology for the Treatment Portion of Abnormal psych are as follows:
- Discuss the extent to which bio, cog, and socio factors influence abnormal behavior
- Evaluate psychological research relevant to study of abnormal behavior.
- Examine biomedical, individual, and group approaches to the treatment of one disorder
- Evaluate the use of biomedical, individual, and group approaches to the treatment of one disorder
- Discuss the use of eclectic approaches to treatment
- Discuss the relationship between etiology and therapeutic approach in relation to one disorder.
Biological Treatment Resources: IB Psych Treatment Jigsaw
- Ketamine as treatment for depression: https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/a-one-time-party-drug-is-helping-people-with-deep-depression/2016/02/01/d3e73862-b490-11e5-a76a-0b5145e8679a_story.html?utm_term=.fda987853277
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Research: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22689344 (carpenter et al. 2012)
- Summary article: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/to-your-health/wp/2015/08/27/magnets-change-brain-activity-to-relieve-depression/?utm_term=.007661b05d24 (Washington Post)
- VOX article discussing research as well as bio markers. Link to Drysdale et al. 2017 https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2017/4/4/15073652/precision-psychiatry-depression
- LSD as a treatment for depression (anecdotal, but triangulate to ketamine) https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2017/01/ayelet-lsd-microdosing/513035/
Cognitive Treatment Resources (including Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy mBCT):
- Journal NATURE summary on effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy: http://www.nature.com/news/depression-a-change-of-mind-1.16325
- Research, FARB et al., demonstrating mindfulness changes neural networks: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18985137
- Research illustrating mindfulness based cognitive therapy effectiveness: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/behavioural-and-cognitive-psychotherapy/article/participants-experiences-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-it-changed-me-in-just-about-every-way-possible/F55887EF2347B44650ECBE7F19D4491A
Behavioral Treatment Resources (sleep, exercise, etc):
- Atlantic piece on effectiveness of exercise and lack of effectiveness of SSRIs https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/03/for-depression-prescribing-exercise-before-medication/284587/